What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, or CBD, it is derived directly from the hemp plant. It is a naturally occurring substance that will not get you “high”. Since CBD does not contain any more than 0.3% of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), often even less, it has no psychoactive effects; meaning it is not mind altering and should not affect your behavior.
Both CBD and THC are similar to your body’s own endocannabinoids and therefore interact with your cannabinoid receptors. THC binds with a receptor, in the brain, to produce a high or sense of euphoria. CBD binds very differently, and weakly, to receptors responsible for pain, immune functions, stress, sleep and which may result in CBD having anti-anxiety effects, allow you to feel relaxed and less pain.
CBD products vary by delivery method and dosage. These products may range from oil tinctures, taken under the tongue, capsules, gummies, lotions, balms and even beverages, skin care; as well as pet care products. Continue reading to find out why CBD may work for you and your pet.
Is CBD a new discovery?
Hemp fibers supposedly made the sails that carried colonists to the Americas. Both George Washington and Thomas Jefferson grew hemp. During World War II the U.S. Department of Agriculture release a film, Hemp for Victory, to encourage production of hemp. Simply put, hemp has been around for centuries.
The first documented use of cannabis derived medicines was around 2737 BC, when a Chinese emperor used cannabis infused tea for a variety of ailments. In 1839, an Irish physician, William B. O’Shaughnessy studied the plant’s therapeutic effects and began the study of possible medical applications of cannabis. Throughout the years, the research of cannabis continued. Eventually, a therapeutic application of cannabinoids appeared with the understanding of the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) or receptors within the body that act with receptors in cannabinoids.
So, what happened? In 1970, the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 (the CSA”) failed to acknowledge the differences between hemp and marihuana (commonly known as marijuana) under 21 U.S.C. 802(16). The result was hemp was classified as a Schedule 1 drug, placing it in the same category as heroin, LSD and cocaine.
Is CBD legal?
In December 20th, 2018, the United States passed the Agriculture Improvement Act (the “2018 Farm Bill”) legalizing the production and sale of hemp and its extract. Most importantly, this removed hemp production from the Controlled Substances Act and provided Federal protection to hemp farmers and CBD sellers. It also preserved the Food and Drug Administration’s (“FDA”) authority to regulate products containing cannabis or cannabis-derived compounds.
If CBD is produced from hemp and follows the 2018 Farm Bill regulations, it is not considered as a Schedule 1 drug and is legal, also:
- The hemp must contain less than 0.3% THC
- The hemp must follow state and federal regulations
- The hemp must be grown by a properly licensed grower
- Hemp products may travel across state lines as long as the product follows these regulations
As long as CBD contains less than 0.3 percent of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), it is considered hemp and allowed in all states. The 2018 Farm Bill allows hemp derived CBD produced in compliance with state and federal laws to become available. Whether hemp derived products have different legal requirements in your state, it is strongly advised to check your state’s specific CBD laws.
Anything containing more than 0.3 percent THC is classified as marijuana and is illegal. NaturalCare4U only provides products that meet the requirements of the 2018 Farm Bill.
On June 10, 2019, Texas signed House Bill 1325 into law. This bill allowed for the production, manufacture and retail sale hemp crops and products in Texas. This includes products for human consumption that may contain CBD.
Is CBD the same as marijuana?
The simple answer is no, CBD is NOT marijuana and does not provide the “high” associated with marijuana.
CBD from hemp and the marijuana plant are from the same plant family, Cannabis sativa. Each contain CBD and THC, however, in very different amounts. The plants look different: hemp is narrow and tall while marijuana is shorter and wider and they are grown for different purposes.
The main difference between marijuana and hemp is the percentage of THC. Marijuana refers to strains of cannabis that contain high levels of THC. Hemp refers to strains of cannabis containing less than 0.3% THC.
According to a November 2017 report from the World Health Organization, CANNABIDIOL (CBD), “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential.” The Pre-Review Report states in its summary, “CBD is generally well tolerated with a good safety profile. Reported adverse effects may be as a result of drug-drug interactions between CBD and patients’ existing medications.”
What are cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds which act on receptors in your body’s cells that release chemicals in the brain. There are also several cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. The most known cannabinoids are cannabidiol, (CBD) and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Hemp and marijuana are from the cannabis plant family. Hemp may potentially alleviate aches and pains while marijuana has large amounts of THC causing a high feeling. Basically, hemp contains CBD and marijuana contains THC.
What are Terpenes and their purpose?
Terpenes are natural compounds, responsible for the flavor, aroma and color found in all plants. Studies have found that how a plant is grown will affect the production of terpenes.
This is important since terpenes affect how the end product will taste and smell. Also, they may determine the effect on the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Terpenes may also increase or decrease the duration and/or the intensity of the effects of CBD dependent on the specific strain.